Practical guide to essential fishing equipment
It’s hard to find a more tranquil and soothing outdoor activity than fishing. Unlike other hobbies that usually involve a lot of physical activity, fishing is a static pastime that gives you a respite from the buzzing city lifestyle. You have nowhere to hurry, and no one is pacing. Only you, nature and the people you decide to spend time with.
Fishing has never been an exclusive activity, it has always been available to anyone who has the tools. Our fishing equipment is more advanced than that of our ancestors, but today we need a license to fish safely. Unless you have a penchant for breaking the law and have hundreds of dollars to spare. But, let’s say you’re determined to start fishing, you’ve done your homework and acquired a license, and now it’s time to make some serious preparations. What might you need? Should you already be looking for a place to dig the night owls? Or hastily seek the nearest outdoor equipment store? We’ve compiled a list of fishing gear that’s best not left at home.
We know that look. “Wow, you need a fishing rod to fish, that’s mind blowing”. Well, it’s an essential, and you’d be hard pressed to catch fish with your bare hands or, say, a fish fork. Fishing rods are the backbone of all other fishing gear. The thing about rods isn’t that you only need to have some – you need to choose a rod that suits your needs and your style of fishing. There are several parameters to the rode that determine how well it works.
The materials influence the sturdiness of the rod and its cost. Graphite rods are flexible and relatively inexpensive, while ceramic rods are much stiffer and a bit more expensive.
The power determines the species and sizes of fish for which the rod is best suited. The classification starts with ultra-light and ends with ultra-heavy, with all possible combinations in between. As your intuition might suggest, ultra-light rods are better suited for smaller fish, and ultra-heavy rods are the best choice for deep-sea fishing. The higher the power, the more pressure it takes to bend. the rod.
The action suggests how quickly the rod returns to its neutral position. It ranks from slow to fast with similar variables between them.
The configuration describes the number of rod pieces. One-piece rods tend to have a more natural “feel” and are preferred by many anglers. Such rods are however more difficult to transport, especially if they are long. Two-piece rods are more compact and easier to carry and, if designed well, don’t sacrifice much of their sensitivity.
And, of course, there are rods for every type of fishing. Fly rods are used for casting artificial flies, spinning and baitcasting rods are designed for casting bait and lures, and trolling rods are most suitable for trolling bait and tackle. lures behind a moving boat. But if you are a beginner, you should start with a simple spinning rod. And if you are an avid fisherman, you already know which rod you need.
A fishing reel attaches to a rod and is used to store and spool line. Many modern reels come with accessories that help anglers cast farther and more accurately, as well as control the speed of line retrieval. Even though there are reels designed for the corresponding rod types (like fly reels), the main options here are spinning reels and baitcasting reels.
If we were to rank these two based on the skill level of the user, spinning reels would fall into the “best for novices” category. A spinning reel has a fixed spool, making it a perfect choice for beginners. These reels are less precise than their counterparts and have a shorter casting distance, but they are much easier to use and maintain. Spinning reels are mounted below the rod because that is how spinning rods are designed. When you start to fight a fish the rod bends and as you can imagine if the fish is too big or too heavy there is a good chance that the line guides will break. Spinning reels are more suitable for lighter rigs: lighter lines and lures for catching smaller fish. They are less prone to line tangling and can be used for the majority of fishing techniques.
Baitcasting reels are an attribute that expert anglers can appreciate and use. These reels offer more control over the casting process with a spinning spool that spins as you cast the line. They also have breakaway mechanisms that allow you to slow the spool once the lure hits the water. Baitcasting reels are mounted on top of the rod, as are line guides. Such a setup allows you to fight larger fish without risking the integrity of your rod. Generally, baitcasting reels offer more benefits, but you need to be an experienced angler to use them.
Last and final element of the holy trinity of fishing, lines come in a variety of lengths, materials and diameters. The line is what attaches the hoist, so don’t skimp on it. The most common are monofilaments, fluorocarbons and braided lines.
Monofilament is the cheapest option that stretches well and knots easily. It is also a floating line, which makes it an excellent choice for deep sea fishing.
The fluorocarbon lines are nearly invisible in the water, so be sure they won’t alert any fish that anything fishy is going on. It’s also more resistant to abrasion and sharp fish teeth (if you want to catch something predatory).
Braided lines are relatively old but have recently reincarnated into a more advanced variant of themselves. Small diameter braided lines are as sturdy as their thicker counterparts and are perfect for big game fishing. However, these lines are highly visible, so it is common to attach a fluorocarbon line to the end of the braid to reduce visibility.
Start working on
Now let’s get to the little things that make capture possible. Tackle is a term that encompasses everything you put on and tie on the line. The basic items you will need are hooks, weights and floats.
The hooks are the very element that stings the fish and allows it to be brought back. It is reasonable to have several hooks in your tackle box because some of them will inevitably be lost in the waters. Also, the size of the hook should match the size of the fish you are trying to catch. There are many types of hooks that all look different but ultimately serve the same purpose.
Weights give you more casting distance and keep your bait underwater. Depending on the size of the hook and bait (or lure), it may be more difficult to cast a line with light tackle attached. The weight makes the set heavier and easier to throw. The heavier the weight, the deeper the hook, so choose them accordingly.
Floats, also known as bobbers, perform the opposite function: they prevent your bait from sinking too deep. Floats also serve as an indicator of when the fish is taking the bait, so it’s hard to overestimate the role they play. Floats can take many shapes: round ones are easier to attach, while elongated ones allow the hook to go deeper in the water.
Baits and lures
Your fishing rod is finally finished, it’s time to make the final decision: original or artificial bait? Original bait includes living or dead creatures that are part of your target fish’s diet. Nightcrawlers are the most versatile choice, but as you can imagine, large predatory fish have no interest in this type of bait. On top of that, you have to get new live bait before every fishing trip, which can be a hassle for some anglers. Lures are durable, reusable artificial baits that mimic real creatures. Once you buy several, you can forget about the baits for a while (until they no longer look appetizing or get carried away by a determined scaly overshoot). Lures are designed for different fish and environments: some are more suited to clear waters, while others shine in murky waters.
All of the items mentioned above make up a list of fishing must-haves for every angler. As you can see, they only make one functional fishing rod, but nothing else is “required”, so to speak. You can easily fish in the clothes you want, standing or sitting on a foldable stool, with sunglasses or without – the choice is yours. You can do without some fishing accessories, but there is one thing you can’t live without. Or five of them, as we have already described.